Cryptomarketing in 2020: successful application of strategies from MLM and the beauty industry
Cryptomarketing in 2020: successful application of strategies from MLM and the beauty industry Over the past decade, the crypto-industry has proven to be a unique industry with a specific audience, which requires a no less specific approach. In this regard, in 2020, the advertising activity of crypto companies is significantly different from that to which banks and various financial companies resort. Industry leaders prefer not to rely on traditional online advertising on Facebook, Instagram and YouTube. They follow a different path: they work with bloggers (opinion leaders and influencers), rely on MLM marketing referral programs and actively organize various contests and sweepstakes with generous prize pools. The CoinDesk portal claims that crypto marketing this year is strikingly reminiscent of marketing in the beauty industry, and here it is no less effective.
Michelle Fan, a blogger with a million YouTube subscribers, is using the same techniques to spread skin care life hacks and the idea of financial freedom through bitcoins. Moreover, she assures that the leaders of the crypto industry, like her, use marketing schemes from the beauty industry, even if they themselves do not know about it. Both areas prefer to use the DTC (Direct to Customer) business scheme, independently creating and then promoting and selling goods / services, working as closely as possible with the community. Sales are built through aggregated retail platforms like Amazon, Etsy and Shopify, or even through accounts in popular social networks. Industry leaders in developing countries often resort to the latter option, where large sites like Amazon simply don’t work or aren’t popular. For example, Michelle Haber, a bitcoin maximalist from Libya, made it clear in CoinDesk’s comment that social networks and chats are today the most effective way to distribute goods / services in crypto topics. He said that local traders in order to “educate” the audience help buy hardware wallets, selling them through groups on social networks. Buying yourself Trezor or Ledger in another way is often simply impossible.
Work with opinion leaders
Michelle Fan is not the only person from the crypto-community who notices the similarities with the beauty industry. So, Maria Paula Fernandez, who actively uses the services of the DeFi sector and is seriously interested in the topic of skin care, gave the CoinDesk portal a similar comment. She notes that in both cases, society has become accustomed to relying on the opinion of society itself, rather than trusting the views of the world’s leading media. Therefore, in both sectors, the so-called influencers are very popular — opinion leaders and bloggers who disseminate information among their audience on YouTube, Instagram, TikTok and other social networks, receiving a reward for this. Crypto-companies very often, like firms from the beauty industry, provide their products to opinion leaders for review and further “instruction” of their subscribers. Maria Paula Fernandez does not see anything shameful in this. Observing the experience of bloggers, subscribers begin to acquire a kind of crypto-education and disseminate the information through the word of mouth. Thus, the crypto-community grows. The most successful bloggers over time can count on sponsorship from one or another crypto company. For example, the podcaster Marty Bent, whose show is now funded by Unchained Capital and Square, the developer of Cash App, witnessed this scenario. The latter, by the way, in addition to Bent sponsor also podcast Joe Rogan and rapper Lil B. Many other large companies, including the Kraken exchange, have resorted to this strategy. They are just as interested in sponsoring reputable content creators who promote products among loyal subscribers. The U.S. exchange sponsors the Reckless VR crypto start-up, founded by Udi Wertheimer for crypto-conferences in virtual reality, and the famous podcast Peter McCormack, who launched his own media brand Defiance last year. Having started his career as a hobby, McCormack turned it into a business of his life, thanks to which he earned about $1 million for 2019. With all this, working with bloggers is a great opportunity to enter foreign markets. This is understood at Crypto.com, where they use opinion leaders to attract the Russian-speaking and Turkish-speaking community. Does this approach give a result? Judge for yourself: over the past six months, the number of startup users has doubled and currently stands at more than 2 million people.
Referral Bonuses and MLM Marketing
The development of products within the community often turns into MLM marketing strategies, which require the presence of referral bonuses and bonuses “in depth” — favorite schemes of cosmetic brands. They use a multi-level reward system for attracting partners, where you can usually get a bonus not only for personally invited, but also for “friends of friends and their friends”. Thus, opinion leaders who distribute crypto products often receive a portion of the funds that people invited by them will pay for the product / service. The relevance and effectiveness of the trend is confirmed by the fact that these methods are not shy to use not only crypto start-ups, but also top cryptocurrency companies, widely known throughout the industry. A prime example is SatoshiLabs, a company that manufactures and distributes Trezor wallets. The head of communications, Iva Fizerova, confirmed that she is actively resorting to “affiliate marketing” with bloggers as an alternative to paying them for direct advertising. No less vivid examples are the largest crypto exchanges Binance and Gemini, which managed to succeed not without the help of referral systems copied from the multi-level marketing campaigns Avon and Mary Kay, which they have been using for decades. Instagram blogger Chjango Unchained has been earning good bonuses for several months running after posting a referral link to Gemini on her profile. When her subscribers register on the exchange and buy cryptocurrencies worth more than $100, she receives $10 in BTC. According to her, she is doing a good deed. The blogger wants people who are interested in her opinion on digital money to start their crypto path on Gemini, and not, for example, on Coinbase, because the latter charges “crazy commissions”. Referral system bonuses are a typical phenomenon for many crypto companies, and successful bloggers are happy to use this. A prime example is Michael Gu, known by the pseudonym Boxmining. It has been distributing information about digital money since 2012, having gathered an audience of more than 200,000 subscribers on YouTube and more than 3,500 participants in Telegram chat during this time. Despite the fact that the manufacturer of hardware wallets Ledger does not sponsor its activities, it places referral links in the video descriptions and collects voluntary donations from subscribers. As you might guess, he feels rather well. At the same time, he emphasized that user activity during the coronavirus pandemic is only growing, especially after YouTube began to put sticks in the wheels of the creators of crypto-content.
Gifts, contests and sweepstakes
Making a small gift is a great way to introduce an audience to a new product. In the cryptocurrency market, this has long been relevant. Coin creators eagerly carry out airdrops and bounty campaigns, allowing the crypto community to test the new coin. A similar approach is popular in the beauty industry. Samplers of perfumes and branded magazines with smells have led many girls to buy full-fledged versions of the fragrance. In addition to the cryptocurrency developers themselves, a similar approach is also used by cryptocompanies of a different direction, which cannot conduct airdrops due to their technical features (for example, this is true for manufacturers of hardware wallets). Therefore, they organize more classic contests and sweepstakes. For example, they play a wallet for reposting on social networks or videos published on YouTube. It is noteworthy that cryptobrands in this area are even more active than cosmetics manufacturers. They work not only with trusted bloggers with many subscribers, but also help to become less “untwisted” users. Therefore, they periodically assist them in organizing draws in order to attract subscribers who could potentially become new customers. Iva Fizerova from SatoshiLabs confirmed that Trezor manufacturers periodically help users attract new followers through the distribution of gifts. Moreover, this approach brings excellent results. By working with the community this way, they have managed to sell hundreds of thousands of wallets. But most importantly, a reputation of the brand has formed around the product, warmly received by the audience. And this effect is so strong that the company simply does not see the point in spending money on traditional expensive advertising. Most importantly, despite all the problems of 2020, including the coronavirus pandemic, which seriously hit the global economy and, accordingly, people’s wallets, demand for products did not fall. This approach remains effective, while the percentage of successful conversions in traditional advertising has probably decreased. Fizerova noted that over the past three months they have recorded a steady increase in demand for goods. Moreover, they even had to solve delivery problems, if only the buyers got the desired devices in a timely manner. A similar approach and results are observed with other manufacturers of hardware wallets. Thus, Rodolfo Novak, co-founder of Coinkite, confirmed the growth in demand for products, despite the pandemic. Working with the community is their main marketing strategy, because it really gives results. Over the past three years, they donated about 50 wallets to YouTube reviewers. Novak is proud that their “users help other users.” According to him, this approach allows you to sell products at a lower price, since the cost of goods does not include high costs for familiar marketing campaigns.
Are marketing strategies effective? More than
The cryptocurrency market relies on marketing strategies that have established themselves in the beauty industry, which in the new field are no less effective. Maximum performance is achieved with a killer combination of all three of the above methods. It’s about when the founders of cryptocompanies themselves become opinion leaders. Just look at Changpen Zhao, the head of Binance, or Justin Sun, the project manager of TRON. Both entrepreneurs are bloggers with a huge army of subscribers and are personally engaged in the promotion of their brands, regularly rewarding their audience with pleasant gifts. It’s easy to guess why industry leaders rely mainly on this type of marketing. Advertising products in the traditional way is expensive, especially for startups, behind which there are still no attractive products with a good reputation. But more importantly, crypto products are quite complex in themselves, so they often need detailed explanations, which are difficult to implement in the framework of traditional advertising. Agree that selling a bottle of Fanta with a new taste is much easier than a hardware cryptocurrency wallet, especially since most people don’t understand what it is. On top of that, regular advertising is complicated by the fact that media giants regularly block crypto content. In such a situation, marketing borrowed from the beauty industry seems to be the most acceptable and most effective option. By focusing their marketing budgets on opinion leaders and working with the community, cryptocompanies achieve the desired result, even taking into account the coronavirus pandemic. The crypto community is getting bigger and stronger every day. But the best part is that this growth cannot be stopped. Subscribe to our Telegram channel
P-REP Proposal; ICON, 20% exposure in top crypto event of 2020, reach 100+ universities/corporate partners (BETTER THAN SLICED BREAD), organized by MouseBelt.
Summary: Event site:https://www.ri2020.io/ Event date: May 18th, 2020 P-PREP Commitment Date: April 30th, 2020 Telegram:u/markusreisner We believe we have a strong proposition to market ICON in a meaningful way to some of the largest communities in crypto. The MouseBelt team has the largest global network of over 100+ universities in 20+ countries. Over the last few months, 10+ university blockchain events we were working with got canceled for obvious reasons. Due to that fact, and our understanding of our reach we decided to launch a virtual conference. Since April 10th here is what happened:
We have enrolled over 100+ partners and universities
With BlockTV’s distribution (we are taking over the site for 1+ months) and our post-conference strategy, this content will reach 5+ million views
Over 5000 people have registered between Eventbrite and Facebook (with 21 days to go, we expect 20,000 people registered)
We have invested $70,000 to professionally produce this 72-hour event with BlockTV
We believe we have surpassed Cointelegraph and Consensus in reach and production quality.
We believe this is the #1 conference in crypto currently.
MouseBelt will invest over $70k+ into this event. We would like to have fellow P-Reps invest $20k (this will go 100% to BlockTV production cost). The benefit to the ICON community will be:
Owning 20% of the conference “screen time” at a 50% discount
Increased exposure to over 100+ top universities working on blockchain
Partnership with Anheuser-Busch InBev, and Coca Cola for one of our hackathon events (or similar).
We are open to adding as many additional benefits as possible as we are a part of the ICON community
Background: MouseBelt is a popular blockchain ecosystem consisting of multiple parts:
Top 3 global blockchain accelerator, investing into early to mid-stage blockchain projects
MouseBelt as ICON developers: Our engineering team has implemented token assets on ZenSports (SPORTS), the first STO on the ICON network, and GrowYourBase, the #1 IRC2 application token in market capitalization on the ICON network. Currently, we are developing the Balanced network in concert with ICX_Station, PARROT9, and Iconosphere. Balanced will bring synthetic assets backed by ICX to the ICON network, as well as tokenized staked ICX. This can assist with both a stable asset for payments, and a base for other DeFi applications MouseBelt as a P-Rep: We have been a Main P-Rep most of the time since decentralization of the network and so far had utilized our funds for student education. Such as the “ICON in a box” workshops and the Milwaukee Blockchain Conference, which we sponsored in a direct ICX payment and the second annual payment for UCLA’s blockchain engineering course. REIMAGINE2020, Conference details: Conferences have always been an integral part of the blockchain space to promote projects in the industry. With recent evolutions around the globe, things have changed. They either got canceled or delayed. We have created REIMAGINE2020, a virtual conference. Shared by the ICON Foundation on April 18. We can effectively and efficiently promote ICON to the world through Reiamgine2020 | BlockTV. The driving force behind the conference is: highest quality of Content matched with the best production quality for Video. The funds will allow MouseBelt to promote ICON logo/branding throughout the conference/programming for straight 72 hr of live streaming. Additionally, we have the opportunity to properly place ICON logo/branding in highly favorable on-screen placements (tickers/commercials/plugs and continuous branding) reaching 5M viewers globally. ICX Station is providing a Keynote to drive global interest. Confirmed partners
Influencers we are reaching out to: Chamath Palihapitiya, Adam Back, Ray Dalio, Andreessen Horowitz, Michael Novogratz, Naval Ravikant, Balaji S. Srinivasan, Su Zhu, Charlie Lee, Nick Szabo, Riccardo Spagni, Fred Wilson, Max Keiser, Winklevoss, Air Paul, Michael Arrington, Peter Schiff, Paolo Adroino, Elizabeth Stark, Marc Andreessen, A. Pompliano, Patrick Byrne, Brock Pierce, CZ, Vitalik, Andreas M. Antonopoulos
3. As far as hard data for "attendees" we have two signals:
5000+ attendees on Facebook and Eventbrite, with 3 weeks to go (13X MORE than Virtual Blockchain Week!)
Attendee list includes a mix of media, university representatives, C-level executives, developers, and startup founders
Technical: A Brief History of Payment Channels: from Satoshi to Lightning Network
Who cares about political tweets from some random country's president when payment channels are a much more interesting and are actually capable of carrying value? So let's have a short history of various payment channel techs!
Generation 0: Satoshi's Broken nSequence Channels
Because Satoshi's Vision included payment channels, except his implementation sucked so hard we had to go fix it and added RBF as a by-product. Originally, the plan for nSequence was that mempools would replace any transaction spending certain inputs with another transaction spending the same inputs, but only if the nSequence field of the replacement was larger. Since 0xFFFFFFFF was the highest value that nSequence could get, this would mark a transaction as "final" and not replaceable on the mempool anymore. In fact, this "nSequence channel" I will describe is the reason why we have this weird rule about nLockTime and nSequence. nLockTime actually only works if nSequence is not 0xFFFFFFFF i.e. final. If nSequence is 0xFFFFFFFF then nLockTime is ignored, because this if the "final" version of the transaction. So what you'd do would be something like this:
You go to a bar and promise the bartender to pay by the time the bar closes. Because this is the Bitcoin universe, time is measured in blockheight, so the closing time of the bar is indicated as some future blockheight.
For your first drink, you'd make a transaction paying to the bartender for that drink, paying from some coins you have. The transaction has an nLockTime equal to the closing time of the bar, and a starting nSequence of 0. You hand over the transaction and the bartender hands you your drink.
For your succeeding drink, you'd remake the same transaction, adding the payment for that drink to the transaction output that goes to the bartender (so that output keeps getting larger, by the amount of payment), and having an nSequence that is one higher than the previous one.
Eventually you have to stop drinking. It comes down to one of two possibilities:
You drink until the bar closes. Since it is now the nLockTime indicated in the transaction, the bartender is able to broadcast the latest transaction and tells the bouncers to kick you out of the bar.
You wisely consider the state of your liver. So you re-sign the last transaction with a "final" nSequence of 0xFFFFFFFF i.e. the maximum possible value it can have. This allows the bartender to get his or her funds immediately (nLockTime is ignored if nSequence is 0xFFFFFFFF), so he or she tells the bouncers to let you out of the bar.
Now that of course is a payment channel. Individual payments (purchases of alcohol, so I guess buying coffee is not in scope for payment channels). Closing is done by creating a "final" transaction that is the sum of the individual payments. Sure there's no routing and channels are unidirectional and channels have a maximum lifetime but give Satoshi a break, he was also busy inventing Bitcoin at the time. Now if you noticed I called this kind of payment channel "broken". This is because the mempool rules are not consensus rules, and cannot be validated (nothing about the mempool can be validated onchain: I sigh every time somebody proposes "let's make block size dependent on mempool size", mempool state cannot be validated by onchain data). Fullnodes can't see all of the transactions you signed, and then validate that the final one with the maximum nSequence is the one that actually is used onchain. So you can do the below:
Become friends with Jihan Wu, because he owns >51% of the mining hashrate (he totally reorged Bitcoin to reverse the Binance hack right?).
Slip Jihan Wu some of the more interesting drinks you're ordering as an incentive to cooperate with you. So say you end up ordering 100 drinks, you split it with Jihan Wu and give him 50 of the drinks.
When the bar closes, Jihan Wu quickly calls his mining rig and tells them to mine the version of your transaction with nSequence 0. You know, that first one where you pay for only one drink.
Because fullnodes cannot validate nSequence, they'll accept even the nSequence=0 version and confirm it, immutably adding you paying for a single alcoholic drink to the blockchain.
The bartender, pissed at being cheated, takes out a shotgun from under the bar and shoots at you and Jihan Wu.
Jihan Wu uses his mystical chi powers (actually the combined exhaust from all of his mining rigs) to slow down the shotgun pellets, making them hit you as softly as petals drifting in the wind.
The bartender mutters some words, clothes ripping apart as he or she (hard to believe it could be a she but hey) turns into a bear, ready to maul you for cheating him or her of the payment for all the 100 drinks you ordered from him or her.
Steely-eyed, you stand in front of the bartender-turned-bear, daring him to touch you. You've watched Revenant, you know Leonardo di Caprio could survive a bear mauling, and if some posh actor can survive that, you know you can too. You make a pose. "Drunken troll logic attack!"
I think I got sidetracked here.
Bears are bad news.
You can't reasonably invoke "Satoshi's Vision" and simultaneously reject the Lightning Network because it's not onchain. Satoshi's Vision included a half-assed implementation of payment channels with nSequence, where the onchain transaction represented multiple logical payments, exactly what modern offchain techniques do (except modern offchain techniques actually work). nSequence (the field, but not its modern meaning) has been in Bitcoin since BitCoin For Windows Alpha 0.1.0. And its original intent was payment channels. You can't get nearer to Satoshi's Vision than being a field that Satoshi personally added to transactions on the very first public release of the BitCoin software, like srsly.
Miners can totally bypass mempool rules. In fact, the reason why nSequence has been repurposed to indicate "optional" replace-by-fee is because miners are already incentivized by the nSequence system to always follow replace-by-fee anyway. I mean, what do you think those drinks you passed to Jihan Wu are, other than the fee you pay him to mine a specific version of your transaction?
Satoshi made mistakes. The original design for nSequence is one of them. Today, we no longer use nSequence in this way. So diverging from Satoshi's original design is part and parcel of Bitcoin development, because over time, we learn new lessons that Satoshi never knew about. Satoshi was an important landmark in this technology. He will not be the last, or most important, that we will remember in the future: he will only be the first.
Incentive-compatible time-limited unidirectional channel; or, Satoshi's Vision, Fixed (if transaction malleability hadn't been a problem, that is). Now, we know the bartender will turn into a bear and maul you if you try to cheat the payment channel, and now that we've revealed you're good friends with Jihan Wu, the bartender will no longer accept a payment channel scheme that lets one you cooperate with a miner to cheat the bartender. Fortunately, Jeremy Spilman proposed a better way that would not let you cheat the bartender. First, you and the bartender perform this ritual:
You get some funds and create a transaction that pays to a 2-of-2 multisig between you and the bartender. You don't broadcast this yet: you just sign it and get its txid.
You create another transaction that spends the above transaction. This transaction (the "backoff") has an nLockTime equal to the closing time of the bar, plus one block. You sign it and give this backoff transaction (but not the above transaction) to the bartender.
The bartender signs the backoff and gives it back to you. It is now valid since it's spending a 2-of-2 of you and the bartender, and both of you have signed the backoff transaction.
Now you broadcast the first transaction onchain. You and the bartender wait for it to be deeply confirmed, then you can start ordering.
The above is probably vaguely familiar to LN users. It's the funding process of payment channels! The first transaction, the one that pays to a 2-of-2 multisig, is the funding transaction that backs the payment channel funds. So now you start ordering in this way:
For your first drink, you create a transaction spending the funding transaction output and sending the price of the drink to the bartender, with the rest returning to you.
You sign the transaction and pass it to the bartender, who serves your first drink.
For your succeeding drinks, you recreate the same transaction, adding the price of the new drink to the sum that goes to the bartender and reducing the money returned to you. You sign the transaction and give it to the bartender, who serves you your next drink.
At the end:
If the bar closing time is reached, the bartender signs the latest transaction, completing the needed 2-of-2 signatures and broadcasting this to the Bitcoin network. Since the backoff transaction is the closing time + 1, it can't get used at closing time.
If you decide you want to leave early because your liver is crying, you just tell the bartender to go ahead and close the channel (which the bartender can do at any time by just signing and broadcasting the latest transaction: the bartender won't do that because he or she is hoping you'll stay and drink more).
If you ended up just hanging around the bar and never ordering, then at closing time + 1 you broadcast the backoff transaction and get your funds back in full.
Now, even if you pass 50 drinks to Jihan Wu, you can't give him the first transaction (the one which pays for only one drink) and ask him to mine it: it's spending a 2-of-2 and the copy you have only contains your own signature. You need the bartender's signature to make it valid, but he or she sure as hell isn't going to cooperate in something that would lose him or her money, so a signature from the bartender validating old state where he or she gets paid less isn't going to happen. So, problem solved, right? Right? Okay, let's try it. So you get your funds, put them in a funding tx, get the backoff tx, confirm the funding tx... Once the funding transaction confirms deeply, the bartender laughs uproariously. He or she summons the bouncers, who surround you menacingly. "I'm refusing service to you," the bartender says. "Fine," you say. "I was leaving anyway;" You smirk. "I'll get back my money with the backoff transaction, and posting about your poor service on reddit so you get negative karma, so there!" "Not so fast," the bartender says. His or her voice chills your bones. It looks like your exploitation of the Satoshi nSequence payment channel is still fresh in his or her mind. "Look at the txid of the funding transaction that got confirmed." "What about it?" you ask nonchalantly, as you flip open your desktop computer and open a reputable blockchain explorer. What you see shocks you. "What the --- the txid is different! You--- you changed my signature?? But how? I put the only copy of my private key in a sealed envelope in a cast-iron box inside a safe buried in the Gobi desert protected by a clan of nomads who have dedicated their lives and their childrens' lives to keeping my private key safe in perpetuity!" "Didn't you know?" the bartender asks. "The components of the signature are just very large numbers. The sign of one of the signature components can be changed, from positive to negative, or negative to positive, and the signature will remain valid. Anyone can do that, even if they don't know the private key. But because Bitcoin includes the signatures in the transaction when it's generating the txid, this little change also changes the txid." He or she chuckles. "They say they'll fix it by separating the signatures from the transaction body. They're saying that these kinds of signature malleability won't affect transaction ids anymore after they do this, but I bet I can get my good friend Jihan Wu to delay this 'SepSig' plan for a good while yet. Friendly guy, this Jihan Wu, it turns out all I had to do was slip him 51 drinks and he was willing to mine a tx with the signature signs flipped." His or her grin widens. "I'm afraid your backoff transaction won't work anymore, since it spends a txid that is not existent and will never be confirmed. So here's the deal. You pay me 99% of the funds in the funding transaction, in exchange for me signing the transaction that spends with the txid that you see onchain. Refuse, and you lose 100% of the funds and every other HODLer, including me, benefits from the reduction in coin supply. Accept, and you get to keep 1%. I lose nothing if you refuse, so I won't care if you do, but consider the difference of getting zilch vs. getting 1% of your funds." His or her eyes glow. "GENUFLECT RIGHT NOW." Lesson learned?
Payback's a bitch.
Transaction malleability is a bitchier bitch. It's why we needed to fix the bug in SegWit. Sure, MtGox claimed they were attacked this way because someone kept messing with their transaction signatures and thus they lost track of where their funds went, but really, the bigger impetus for fixing transaction malleability was to support payment channels.
Yes, including the signatures in the hash that ultimately defines the txid was a mistake. Satoshi made a lot of those. So we're just reiterating the lesson "Satoshi was not an infinite being of infinite wisdom" here. Satoshi just gets a pass because of how awesome Bitcoin is.
CLTV-protected Spilman Channels
Using CLTV for the backoff branch. This variation is simply Spilman channels, but with the backoff transaction replaced with a backoff branch in the SCRIPT you pay to. It only became possible after OP_CHECKLOCKTIMEVERIFY (CLTV) was enabled in 2015. Now as we saw in the Spilman Channels discussion, transaction malleability means that any pre-signed offchain transaction can easily be invalidated by flipping the sign of the signature of the funding transaction while the funding transaction is not yet confirmed. This can be avoided by simply putting any special requirements into an explicit branch of the Bitcoin SCRIPT. Now, the backoff branch is supposed to create a maximum lifetime for the payment channel, and prior to the introduction of OP_CHECKLOCKTIMEVERIFY this could only be done by having a pre-signed nLockTime transaction. With CLTV, however, we can now make the branches explicit in the SCRIPT that the funding transaction pays to. Instead of paying to a 2-of-2 in order to set up the funding transaction, you pay to a SCRIPT which is basically "2-of-2, OR this singlesig after a specified lock time". With this, there is no backoff transaction that is pre-signed and which refers to a specific txid. Instead, you can create the backoff transaction later, using whatever txid the funding transaction ends up being confirmed under. Since the funding transaction is immutable once confirmed, it is no longer possible to change the txid afterwards.
Todd Micropayment Networks
The old hub-spoke model (that isn't how LN today actually works). One of the more direct predecessors of the Lightning Network was the hub-spoke model discussed by Peter Todd. In this model, instead of payers directly having channels to payees, payers and payees connect to a central hub server. This allows any payer to pay any payee, using the same channel for every payee on the hub. Similarly, this allows any payee to receive from any payer, using the same channel. Remember from the above Spilman example? When you open a channel to the bartender, you have to wait around for the funding tx to confirm. This will take an hour at best. Now consider that you have to make channels for everyone you want to pay to. That's not very scalable. So the Todd hub-spoke model has a central "clearing house" that transport money from payers to payees. The "Moonbeam" project takes this model. Of course, this reveals to the hub who the payer and payee are, and thus the hub can potentially censor transactions. Generally, though, it was considered that a hub would more efficiently censor by just not maintaining a channel with the payer or payee that it wants to censor (since the money it owned in the channel would just be locked uselessly if the hub won't process payments to/from the censored user). In any case, the ability of the central hub to monitor payments means that it can surveill the payer and payee, and then sell this private transactional data to third parties. This loss of privacy would be intolerable today. Peter Todd also proposed that there might be multiple hubs that could transport funds to each other on behalf of their users, providing somewhat better privacy. Another point of note is that at the time such networks were proposed, only unidirectional (Spilman) channels were available. Thus, while one could be a payer, or payee, you would have to use separate channels for your income versus for your spending. Worse, if you wanted to transfer money from your income channel to your spending channel, you had to close both and reshuffle the money between them, both onchain activities.
Poon-Dryja Lightning Network
Bidirectional two-participant channels. The Poon-Dryja channel mechanism has two important properties:
No time limit.
Both the original Satoshi and the two Spilman variants are unidirectional: there is a payer and a payee, and if the payee wants to do a refund, or wants to pay for a different service or product the payer is providing, then they can't use the same unidirectional channel. The Poon-Dryjam mechanism allows channels, however, to be bidirectional instead: you are not a payer or a payee on the channel, you can receive or send at any time as long as both you and the channel counterparty are online. Further, unlike either of the Spilman variants, there is no time limit for the lifetime of a channel. Instead, you can keep the channel open for as long as you want. Both properties, together, form a very powerful scaling property that I believe most people have not appreciated. With unidirectional channels, as mentioned before, if you both earn and spend over the same network of payment channels, you would have separate channels for earning and spending. You would then need to perform onchain operations to "reverse" the directions of your channels periodically. Secondly, since Spilman channels have a fixed lifetime, even if you never used either channel, you would have to periodically "refresh" it by closing it and reopening. With bidirectional, indefinite-lifetime channels, you may instead open some channels when you first begin managing your own money, then close them only after your lawyers have executed your last will and testament on how the money in your channels get divided up to your heirs: that's just two onchain transactions in your entire lifetime. That is the potentially very powerful scaling property that bidirectional, indefinite-lifetime channels allow. I won't discuss the transaction structure needed for Poon-Dryja bidirectional channels --- it's complicated and you can easily get explanations with cute graphics elsewhere. There is a weakness of Poon-Dryja that people tend to gloss over (because it was fixed very well by RustyReddit):
You have to store all the revocation keys of a channel. This implies you are storing 1 revocation key for every channel update, so if you perform millions of updates over your entire lifetime, you'd be storing several megabytes of keys, for only a single channel. RustyReddit fixed this by requiring that the revocation keys be generated from a "Seed" revocation key, and every key is just the application of SHA256 on that key, repeatedly. For example, suppose I tell you that my first revocation key is SHA256(SHA256(seed)). You can store that in O(1) space. Then for the next revocation, I tell you SHA256(seed). From SHA256(key), you yourself can compute SHA256(SHA256(seed)) (i.e. the previous revocation key). So you can remember just the most recent revocation key, and from there you'd be able to compute every previous revocation key. When you start a channel, you perform SHA256 on your seed for several million times, then use the result as the first revocation key, removing one layer of SHA256 for every revocation key you need to generate. RustyReddit not only came up with this, but also suggested an efficient O(log n) storage structure, the shachain, so that you can quickly look up any revocation key in the past in case of a breach. People no longer really talk about this O(n) revocation storage problem anymore because it was solved very very well by this mechanism.
Another thing I want to emphasize is that while the Lightning Network paper and many of the earlier presentations developed from the old Peter Todd hub-and-spoke model, the modern Lightning Network takes the logical conclusion of removing a strict separation between "hubs" and "spokes". Any node on the Lightning Network can very well work as a hub for any other node. Thus, while you might operate as "mostly a payer", "mostly a forwarding node", "mostly a payee", you still end up being at least partially a forwarding node ("hub") on the network, at least part of the time. This greatly reduces the problems of privacy inherent in having only a few hub nodes: forwarding nodes cannot get significantly useful data from the payments passing through them, because the distance between the payer and the payee can be so large that it would be likely that the ultimate payer and the ultimate payee could be anyone on the Lightning Network. Lessons learned?
We can decentralize if we try hard enough!
"Hubs bad" can be made "hubs good" if everybody is a hub.
Smart people can solve problems. It's kinda why they're smart.
After LN, there's also the Decker-Wattenhofer Duplex Micropayment Channels (DMC). This post is long enough as-is, LOL. But for now, it uses a novel "decrementing nSequence channel", using the new relative-timelock semantics of nSequence (not the broken one originally by Satoshi). It actually uses multiple such "decrementing nSequence" constructs, terminating in a pair of Spilman channels, one in both directions (thus "duplex"). Maybe I'll discuss it some other time. The realization that channel constructions could actually hold more channel constructions inside them (the way the Decker-Wattenhofer puts a pair of Spilman channels inside a series of "decrementing nSequence channels") lead to the further thought behind Burchert-Decker-Wattenhofer channel factories. Basically, you could host multiple two-participant channel constructs inside a larger multiparticipant "channel" construct (i.e. host multiple channels inside a factory). Further, we have the Decker-Russell-Osuntokun or "eltoo" construction. I'd argue that this is "nSequence done right". I'll write more about this later, because this post is long enough. Lessons learned?
Bitcoin offchain scaling is more powerful than you ever thought.
Another really huge issue with the btc community in general, and this reddit especially, is the lack of nuance on price. And again, an unwillingness to accept critique. There are several scenario that can play out with price, but in some of those scenario, we may even see a huge price pump, while *still failing at adoption*. And I think that's an important distinction to make. Just because wallstreet pumps the price for reasons that only concern the rich and institutions, does not equate to adoption. It does not equate to us making vital changes for the betterment of the network and adoption. It just doesn't. Wallstreet is perfectly content with hyper regulated bitcoin that is totally irrelevant for the common man and unadopted and unused, they are perfectly fine treating bitcoin as a glorified sovereign bond and international form of settlement. That is how the institutions and rich see it. They see it much like they see bonds and gold, and are willing to treat it as such. This is even a positive in some regard because it brings monetary transparency into the banking and wealth sector. But it does not address cypherpunk, emancipatory politics, or global poverty, or individual sovereignty. And it is acheived largely through extreme centralization and hyper invasive surveillance. Be clear, they can pump the price to 250,000 while still controlling everything through Patriot Act, AMLD5, NDAA, and FACTA and the banking secrecy Act. All of which Bitcoin is entirely ideologically incompatible with. But that's just fine, because the rich already comply with those laws (mostly). They already price in the regulatory and compliance costs of an institution, of an offshore tax haven. That's just it. IT's fine for them to do this to btc, because the laws are designed for them. They create the barriers only they can afford to play in, while hurting it for everyone else. The average common man in the world, and any developing country should be able to easily acquire btc without kyc. Period. It shouldn't be a surveillance state. I recently listened to Peter McCormack interview a darkmarket guy and I completely agree. We need to engineer away from on ramps, we need to engineer away from payment gates that involve fiat, and we need to all use coinjoiners and mixing technology. It needs to be the standard. There are so many reasons to use coinjoining for non illegality. Privacy is a fundamental need. And internet 4.0 for finance is contingent on a lot of technology. These aren't really coins either. It is backbone technology to better facilitate bitcoin. But we have to have layer two solutions. It doesn't matter whether it's RSK or plasma, or both, we just need the secondary layer to pay for distributed processing, server function, matching, liquidity, file storage, atomic swaps, network gas, etc. DeFi network value cannot be conflated with the supply and demand of btc itself, we don't need permissioned side chains, we need permissionless open source side chains and interoperatibilty platforms that will protect the privacy of bitcoin and facilitate it on decentralized exchanges. On exchanges that cannot be taken down. To do that we need staggering amounts of technology innovation and thoroughput, that will require people to host nodes, mine and stake these ancillary services to protect the backbone of bitcoin commerce. Anyone who is into toxic maximalism. Let it be known that you are willfully promoting corporate bitcoin supported by massive centralized players who will treat it as a bond or settlement statist instrument. You're promoting the support of bitcoin on an entirely captured regulatory framework and an entirely captured unsafe unsecure regular internet controlled by the clearnet and amazon and google and heavily surveiled. .Org just privatize for fuck sakes. And any DNS can be compromised, any .com site can be siezed. This normal backbone is entirely inappropriate for bitcoin. Centralized exchanges and payment apps like cash app are entirely inappropriate for bitcoin. You should be able to visit a IFPS site, connect a hardware wallet to any DEX or DAPP and immediately trade with the same speed and liquidity of binance and bitmex. The user interface should be simple and approachable to the layman. We need a liquidity interbank controlled by SPV server and dark node. Payment incentives for people to host liquidity to the network on plasma, radon, cosmos, uniswap, eventually all the DEX will simply be connected by interchain liquidity. Crypto has to be extremely unfettered. The regulators and wallstreet have strangled it and will continue to do so. Some people have forgotten that this is a battle for financial sovereignty and protection against wealth confiscation. Only when they realize that they can't control us, will they be forced to sit down at the legislative table and negotiate with common people. You have to bring your government to heel.
Binance CEO Makes Another Bullish Prediction – Bitcoin To Reach $100,000
Changpeng Zhao Also Thinks The Recession Would Soar Bitcoin’s Market Capitalization To $2 Trillion The crypto world fell under the hits of the global economic downturn, due to the recent COVID-19 outbreak. While the stock market wiped almost 40% of its gains, many saw Bitcoin to be a safe haven asset in times of global crisis. However, the world’s largest cryptocurrency to date failed to stand up to the beliefs of a significant portion of the crypto sector, falling to sub-$4,000 levels, before regaining some of its momentum. Despite the recent rallies, the 30% drop, leading to massive sell-offs, led to lowered trading volumes and market capitalization. Now, amid Coronavirus outbreak and the U.S. Federal Reserve’s plans for close to $6 trillion stimulus issuance, the financial world may see vast inflation. The Federal Reserve, as well as the national banks of most of the COVID-19-affected countries, plan to print colossal amounts of cash and inject them into the economy. During the havoc, crypto bulls are stepping up their game. Some of them even predicted Bitcoin to hit $100,000 per coin. One of the most notorious Bitcoin bulls, Binance’s CEO Changpeng Zhao, made another bullish statement on Twitter. He noted that “when speaking in trillions, a modest prediction of $2 trillion market capitalization would mean Bitcoin’s price will be $100,000 per BTC. Zhao’s predictions come amid the U.S. Senate giving its approval to distribute $2 trillion in relief packages to U.S. citizens affected by the virus outbreak. The stimulus package is by far the most significant rescue deal in the history of the United States. However, most of the Bitcoin bullishness comes from the long-awaited Bitcoin halving, scheduled for May. The halving process means the reward Bitcoin miners get from mining a block would be cut in half. „Most of us agree on the fact that the moves by the U.S. Federal Reserve would drive increased inflation so that Bitcoin may become a hedge against the depreciation of the U.S. Dollar. The halving process and the current global financial situation may drive a drastic positive impact on Bitcoin, as well as on the entire crypto sector in the medium and long-term timeframes.” eToro market analyst Simon Peters stated. Meanwhile, the crypto mining community awaits Bitcoin’s halving. The reward for mining a block would fall from 12,5 to 6.25 BTC, which cuts the new Bitcoin supply. A halving occurs once every four years, with previous events in 2012 and 2016. The ultimate goal is to reduce the mining price until Bitcoin reaches its maximum coin supply of 21 million BTC. However, Bitcoin won’t reach 21 million BTC in circulation at least for 100 years ahead. CoinCorner’s CEO Danny Scott commented on the possible trends in front of Bitcoin, citing that “Bitcoin received a massive positive push in the months after a halvening, which now may be boosted by the current COVID-19 disease.” “Despite the halvening, the COVID-19 crisis led to massive sell-offs for fiat cash, which caused liquidity crisis and global market drops. Even gold lost some of its momentum.” Scott concluded.
Daily analysis of cryptocurrencies 20191005(Market index 31 — Fear state)
https://preview.redd.it/oly12rv9rqq31.png?width=1500&format=png&auto=webp&s=6667e09b78b0edc6dc3b411e5f96bba36f4a6430 Attorney General Barr Signs Letter To Facebook From US, UK, And Australian Leaders Regarding Use Of End-To-End Encryption The Department of Justice published an open letter on October 3 to Facebook from international law enforcement partners from the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia in response to the company’s publicly announced plans to implement end-to-end-encryption across its messaging services. The letter is signed by Attorney General William P. Barr, United Kingdom Home Secretary Priti Patel, Australia’s Minister for Home Affairs Peter Dutton, and Acting Homeland Security Secretary Kevin McAleenan. Addressed to Facebook’s CEO, Mark Zuckerberg, the letter requests that Facebook not proceed with its end-to-end encryption plan without ensuring there will be no reduction in the safety of Facebook users and others, and without providing law enforcement court-authorized access to the content of communications to protect the public, particularly child users. Coincheck Launches New Service That Rewards Gas Users With Bitcoin In an attempt to bring crypto to the mass audience, Japanese crypto exchange Coincheck inked a partnership deal with E-net Systems to reward gas users in the Tokyo Gas area, the company announced Oct 4. Under the partnership agreement, the two companies will start offering Coincheck Gas with two crypto-related plans for its customers. The gas service by the crypto company will offer a Bitcoin Rewards Plan under which customers will receive Bitcoin as rewards for the usage of gas. In addition, customers can also pay their gas bills using Bitcoin under the Bitcoin Payment Plan. Libra Association: 1500 Entities Have Indicated Enthusiastic Interest To Join Libra After PayPal announced to withdraw their support for Facebook’s Libra cryptocurrency, Libra posted a series of tweets in response to the striking news. Libra Association tweeted: “Building a modern, low-friction, high-security payment network that can empower billions of financially underserved people is a journey, not a destination. This journey to build a generational payment network like the Libra project is not an easy path.” “We recognize that change is hard, and that each organization that started this journey will have to make its own assessment of risks and rewards of being committed to seeing through the change that Libra promises,” they continued. The final tweet read: “We look forward to the first Libra Council meeting in 10 days and will be sharing updates following that, including details of the 1,500 entities that have indicated enthusiastic interest to participate.” Prysmatic Labs Team Unveils Updates On The Ethereum Serenity Roadmap Prysmatic Labs team has unveiled biweekly updates on the Ethereum Serenity roadmap via Medium. According to the article, the testnet has been restarted for everyone to experience staking and becoming a validator. This testnet includes beacon chain spec v0.8.4, various performance improvements, faster BLS paring library, new syncing strategies and more RPC end point support. Japan: Using Virtual Currency To Make Donations To Politicians Is Legal Citing Yomiuri Shimbun, the Japanese Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, a cabinet-level ministry in the Government of Japan, indicated that the use of virtual currency to donate to politicians is not illegal. According to Japan’s Political Fund Control Law, it is prohibited to conduct donations to politicians in principle, but virtual currency is not in the category of “money and securities” which are covered by law.
Encrypted project calendar（October 05, 2019）
Ontology (ONT):Ony Ji will attend the blockchain event in Japan on October 5th and explain the practical application based on the ontology network.BNB/Binance Coin:The Binance Coin (BNB) Oasis Game Hackathon will be held on October 5th in Bangalore, India, and will be hosted by Binance Labs, Matic Network, Cocos-BCX, Celer Network, Marlin Protocol.
Encrypted project calendar（October 06, 2019）
SPND/ Spendcoin:Spendcoin (SPND) will be online on October 6th
Encrypted project calendar（October 07, 2019）
GNO/Gnosis:Gnosis (GNO) will discuss the topic “Decentralized Trading Agreement Based on Ethereum” will be held in Osaka, Japan on October 7th. Kyber and Uniswap, Gnosis and Loopring will attend and give speeches.
Encrypted project calendar（October 08, 2019）
BTC/Bitcoin:The 2nd Global Digital Mining Summit will be held in Frankfurt, Germany from October 8th to 10th.
Encrypted project calendar（October 09, 2019）
CENNZ/Centrality:Centrality (CENNZ) will meet in InsurTechNZ Connect — Insurance and Blockchain on October 9th in Auckland.
Encrypted project calendar（October 10, 2019）
INB/Insight Chain:The Insight Chain (INB) INB public blockchain main network will be launched on October 10.VET/Vechain:VeChain (VET) will attend the BLOCKWALKS Blockchain Europe Conference on October 10.CAPP/Cappasity:Cappasity (CAPP) Cappasity will be present at the Osaka Global Innovation Forum in Osaka (October 10–11).
Encrypted project calendar（October 11, 2019）
OKB/OKB:OKB (OKB) OKEx series of talks will be held in Istanbul on October 11th to discuss “the rise of the Turkish blockchain.”
Encrypted project calendar（October 12, 2019）
BTC/Bitcoin:The 2019 Global Mining Leaders Summit will be held in Chengdu, China from October 12th to 14th.
Encrypted project calendar（October 14, 2019）
BCH/Bitcoin Cash:The ChainPoint 19 conference will be held in Armenia from October 14th to 15th.
Encrypted project calendar（October 15, 2019）
RUFF/RUFF Token:Ruff will end the three-month early bird program on October 15thKAT/Kambria:Kambria (KAT) exchanges ERC20 KAT for a 10% bonus on BEP2 KAT-7BB, and the token exchange reward will end on October 15.BTC/Bitcoin:The Blockchain Technology Investment Summit (CIS) will be held in Los Angeles from October 15th to 16th.
Encrypted project calendar（October 16, 2019）
BTC/Bitcoin:The 2019 Blockchain Life Summit will be held in Moscow, Russia from October 16th to 17th.MIOTA/IOTA:IOTA (MIOTA) IOTA will host a community event on the theme of “Technology Problem Solving and Testing IoT Devices” at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles on October 16.ETH/Ethereum:Ethereum launches Istanbul (Istanbul) main network upgrade, this main network upgrade involves 6 code upgrades.QTUM/Qtum:Qtum (QTUM) Qtum main network hard fork is scheduled for October 16.
Encrypted project calendar（October 18, 2019）
BTC/Bitcoin:The SEC will give a pass on the VanEck/SolidX ETF on October 18th and make a final decisionHB/HeartBout:HeartBout (HB) will officially release the Android version of the HeartBout app on October 18.
Encrypted project calendar（October 19, 2019）
PI/PCHAIN Network:The PCHAIN (PI) backbone (Phase 5, 82 nodes, 164, 023, 802 $ PI, 7 candidates) will begin on October 19.LINK/ChainLink:Diffusion 2019 will be held in Berlin, Germany from October 19th to 20th
Encrypted project calendar（October 21, 2019）
KNC/Kyber Network:The official online hackathon of the Kyber Network (KNC) project will end on October 21st, with more than $42,000 in prize money.
Encrypted project calendar（October 22, 2019）
ZRX/0x:The 0x protocol (ZRX) Pantera blockchain summit will be held on October 22.
Encrypted project calendar（October 23, 2019）
MIOTA/IOTA:IOTA (MIOTA) IOTA will host a community event on October 23rd at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles with the theme “Connecting the I3 Market and Experiencing Purchase and Sales Data.”BTC/Bitcoin:The WBS World Blockchain Summit (Middle East) will be held in Dubai from October 23rd to 24th.
Encrypted project calendar（October 24, 2019）
BCN/Bytecoin:Bytecoin (BCN) released the hidden amount of the Bytecoin block network on October 24.
Encrypted project calendar（October 25, 2019）
ADA/Cardano:Cardano (ADA) The Ada community will host a community gathering in the Dominican Republic for the first time on October 25.
Encrypted project calendar（October 26, 2019）
KAT/Kambria:Kambria (KAT) Kambria will host the 2019 Southern California Artificial Intelligence and Data Science Conference in Los Angeles on October 26th with IDEAS.BTC/Bitcoin:CoinAgenda Global Summit will be held in Las Vegas from October 26th to 28th
Encrypted project calendar（October 28, 2019）
LTC/Litecoin:Litecoin (LTC) 2019 Litecoin Summit will be held from October 28th to October 29th in Las Vegas, USABTC/Bitcoin:Mt.Gox changes the debt compensation plan submission deadline to October 28ZEC/Zcash:Zcash (ZEC) will activate the Blossom Agreement on October 28th
Encrypted project calendar（October 29, 2019）
BTC/Bitcoin:The 2nd World Encryption Conference (WCC) will be held in Las Vegas from October 29th to 31st.
Encrypted project calendar（October 30, 2019）
MIOTA/IOTA:IOTA (MIOTA) IOTA will host a community event on October 30th at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles on the topic “How to store data on IOTA Tangle.”
Hi Bitcoiners! I’m back with the fifteenth monthly Bitcoin news recap. For those unfamiliar, each day I pick out the most popularelevant/interesting stories in Bitcoin and save them. At the end of the month I release them in one batch, to give you a quick (but not necessarily the best) overview of what happened in bitcoin over the past month. And a lot has happened. It's easy to forget with so much focus on the price. Take a moment and scroll through the list below. You'll find an incredibly eventful month. You can see recaps of the previous months on Bitcoinsnippets.com A recap of Bitcoin in March 2018
Hi Bitcoiners! I’m back with the 28th monthly Bitcoin news recap. For those unfamiliar, each day I pick out the most popularelevant/interesting stories in Bitcoin and save them. At the end of the month I release them in one batch, to give you a quick (but not necessarily the best) overview of what happened in bitcoin over the past month. You can see recaps of the previous months on Bitcoinsnippets.com A recap of Bitcoin in April 2019 Adoption
For anyone who it interested in learning more about investing, crypto, finance, blockchain, and entrepreneurship can checkout this list I made of the top podcasts to follow in 2019 with some selected episodes chosen from each one: Off The Chain With Anthony Pompliano Host Anthony Pompliano talks to some of the most respected names in crypto and Wall Street to find out how intelligent investors from the new and old financial system are thinking about digital assets. Top Episodes: CZ, Founder and CEO of Binance: Binance and the Future of Global Crypto Regulation Murad Mahmudov: The Ultimate Bitcoin Argument Travis Kling: The Secrets of A Crypto Trader Unchained: Your No-Hype Resource for All Things Crypto This weekly, hour-long podcast with host Laura Shin dives deep into the people building the decentralized internet, the details of this technology that could underpin our future, and some of the thorniest topics in crypto, such as regulation, security and privacy. Top Episodes: Vitalik Buterin, Creator of Ethereum, On The Big Guy vs. The Little Guy Naval Ravikant On How Crypto Is Squeezing VCs, Hindering Regulators, and Bringing Users Choice Blockchain 101 with Andreas Antonoloulos What Grinds My Gears From Meltem Demirors and Jill Carlson, What Grinds My Gears is a podcast about the bizarre and buzzworthy happenings in the world of cryptocurrency. Each week, they delve into one key theme in crypto, and examine this theme through a broader financial, political, and cultural lens to learn from the past, understand the present, and explore the future. Top Episodes: An Unfetted Orgy Of Capitalism It’s All About The DEX, Baby! Tarred & Tethered What Bitcoin Did Since the birth of Bitcoin in 2009, a new class of Crypto assets built using the innovative design of the blockchain is disrupting technology and financial markets. In this podcast you will hear host Peter McCormack speak with crypto traders, miners, venture capitalist, investors, technical developers, CEOs, journalist and other people driving forward the growth of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. Link To Listen Top Episodes: Andreas Antonopoulos: What Happens When Bitcoin Takes Over? Peter Van Valkenburg on Lightning & The Law Tuur Demeester on Why Bitcoin Is In Heavy Accumulation Untold Stories with Charlie Shrem Host Charlie Shrem dives deep into the lives and personal histories of some of crypto’s most influential leaders. A focus on personal stories weaves together a nuanced, untold narrative of how the crypto movement truly came to be. Top Episodes: J. Maurice “Wiz” — The Real Story of Mt. Gox & How to Become a Self-Sovereign Bitcoin Miner Arianna Simpson — Why Founders Shouldn’t Think About an Exit & Becoming BitGo’s 3rd Employee Steven Nerayoff — Crypto as a Disruptive Technology & Governments Debasing Their Own Currencies Tales From The Crypt Tales from the Crypt is a podcast hosted by Marty Bent about Bitcoin. Join Marty, Editor in Chief of “the best newsletter in crypto”, as he sits down to discuss Bitcoin with interesting people. Top Episodes: Tales from the Crypt: Pierre Rochard Pt. I Tales from the Crypt #3: Santiago Siri Tales from the Crypt Ep1: The History of Bitcoin Pt. 1 The Token Daily with Soona Amhaz Host soona amhaz sits down with the movers and shakers of the crypto industry to discuss the big ideas they spend their days thinking about. Soona and her guests examine everything from industry trends, to what books they’re reading, to human psychology and investing. Top Episodes: Taylor Pearson, Author of The End of Jobs: Markets Are Eating the World Dani Grant, Analyst at Union Square Ventures: The VC Outlook on Crypto’s Trends and Future Tony Sheng, Independent Analyst: A Writer’s Take on Bitcoin Lore The Flippening Flippening is for cryptocurrency investors. Each week host Clay Collins discusses the cryptocurrency economy, new investment strategies for maximizing returns, and stories from the front lines of financial disruption. Flippening is for a new class of investors that were not part of the financial services world before bitcoin, but got into the finance because of their passion for cryptoassets, blockchain, altcoins, and distributed ledger technology. Top Episodes: Strategies for Accumulating BTC (Instead of USD) w/ Tuur Demeester from Adamant Capital The Economics of Cryptoasset Markets w/ Professor Stephen McKeon Bootstrapping A Crypto Nation State From Scratch, w/ Eric Meltzer of INBlockchain The Chain Reaction Podcast Host Tom Shaughnessy of Delphi Digital converses with the top names in crypto and blockchain. Top Episodes: ConsenSys’ Joe Lubin: Ethereum’s Competition Isn’t Even Close Delphi Digital’s March Analyst Call — Ethereum, Enjin and Our Short Term Bitcoin Outlook Vision Hill Group’s Scott Army: Digital Asset Management of the Future a16z Podcast The a16z Podcast discusses tech and culture trends, news, and the future — especially as ‘software eats the world’. It features industry experts, business leaders, and other interesting thinkers and voices from around the world. This podcast is produced by Andreessen Horowitz (aka “a16z”), a Silicon Valley-based venture capital firm. Top Episodes: What Time Is It? From Technical to Product to Sales CEO Principles and Algorithms for Work and Life Five Open Problems Toward Building a Blockchain Computer Unconfirmed: Insights and Analysis From the Top Minds in Crypto Events in crypto take place at warp speed. This weekly crypto podcast reveals how the marquee names in crypto are reacting to the week’s top headlines. With host Laura Shin, the guests also discuss what they’re thinking about these days and reveal what they believe is on the horizon in crypto. Disclosure: Laura is a nocoiner. Top Episodes: To the Moon and Back With Polychain’s Olaf Carlson-Wee Don Wilson of DRW Holdings on What’s Been Driving 2018’s Crypto Downturn Hu Liang of Omniex on What Institutional Players Are Planning to Do in Crypto The Unhashed Podcast Unhashed breaks down the latest in Bitcoin news and developments and puts them into terms everyone can understand. Expect to be both entertained and educated about cryptocurrencies and blockchain. How do hardware wallets work and do they really keep you safe? Which crypto exchanges pose the greatest risk to the bitcoin ecosystem? Does Litecoin help or hinder bitcoin development? Expect the answers to these and many other questions from the Unhashed professionals offering different perspectives to all the blockchain issues you care about! Top Episodes: The Very Rich, Very Patient Binance Hacker Bitcoin Goes High Fidelity Initiating Unhash The Scoop The Block’s team, led by Frank Chaparro, draw out the freshest and deepest insights about digital assets from traditional Wall Street, crypto native, Fortune 500 and many other crypto ecosystem leaders. It’s light, fun and informative brain food! Top Episodes: A Conversation with Mark Yusko, CEO and CIO of Morgan Creek Capital Management A Conversation with Stephen Palley, Partner at Anderson Kill A Conversation with Emilie Choi, VP Business and Data, Coinbase Base Layer Base Layer with host David Nage will be providing insights from founders and investors in the base layer of cryptoassets. Simplifying complex projects and the technology being developed, from interoperability to relayers and more — who is building the future, why are they and how are they doing it. Top Episodes: Base Layer Episode 028 — Zaki Manian (SkuChain, Cosmos, Tendermint) Base Layer Episode 026 — Diogo Monica (Co — Founder, Anchorage) Base Layer Episode 032 — Alexander Skidanov (NEAR) Blockchain Innovation: Interviewing The Brightest Minds In Blockchain Blockchain Innovation is where host Frederick Munawa interviews the brightest minds in Blockchain and cryptocurrency — entrepreneurs, executives, and top academics — to discuss present and future applications of Blockchain Technology. Why? To determine how Blockchain can be used to increase profits, cut costs, and disrupt traditional industries and business models — so you can borrow their strategies, tools, and tactics for your own success. Join Frederick every Tuesday to learn how the brightest minds in Blockchain are pushing the envelope with Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) and token sales, public blockchains, private blockchains, Bitcoin, Ethereum, Hyperledger, smart contracts, and much more. Top Episodes: Why Bitcoin Should Hard Fork With Roger Ver How Blockchain Assets Are Changing The World With Erik Voorhees Blockchain Meets Artificial Intelligence with Dr. Ben Goertzel Blockchain Insider Blockchain Insider, hosted by Simon Taylor and Colin Platt is a dedicated podcast specializing in Bitcoin, Blockchain and distributed ledger technology (DLT). Simon and Colin break down the week’s news with expertise and enthusiasm for the blockchain and digital currency sector. Since the price of Bitcoin has rocketed, and Bitcoin, Ethereum and Litecoin have become household names, Blockchain Insider has charted their rise in a way that’s accessible to new listeners. Top Episodes: Ep. 42. Santander Makes Ripples and Charles Hoskinson Shares His Vision of Cardano Ep. 27. XRP’s Ripple effect and Blockchain use cases Ep. 43. Sexism in Crypto, Pornhub takes Verge, and Binance Denies the Dollar Let’s Talk Crypto Have you ever heard of digital currencies like bitcoin, ethereum, and buzzwords like blockchain, cryptocurrencies and mining? Don’t know what it all means or how to get started? Let’s Talk Crypto with Barry Moore and Tom Galeski breaks it all down in easy to understand terms and helps you “learn and earn” in the age of cryptocurrencies. Top Episodes: 006: Altcoins 017: Fiat & Crypto 010: Proof of Work vs. Proof of Stake Blockchain 2025 Blockchain is a technology that will disrupt nearly every industry. Host Matt Aaron and Blake Moore explore one industry in every episode. How will blockchain change art, music, or online advertising? What projects are already underway? Listen & find out. Top Episodes: Online Ads — Publishers and Advertisers vs. Centralized Platforms Music Biz — Can Artists Have More Money + Freedom? Crypto Debit Cards — A Bridge to the Future? TenX, Monaco, Comit IBM Blockchain Pulse Host and blockchain-evangelist Matt Hooper engages with the planet’s most dynamic blockchain thought-leaders, explorers and innovators to discover the countless new ways blockchain is leaping from theory to reality: From entertainment to identity, from payments to secure supply-chain transparency. Top Episodes: Making Cross-Border Payments Seamless — IBM Blockchain and Stellar’s Collaboration That is Bringing Commercial Payments to the Financial World A Blockchain Origin Story and Enabling Complete Ownership With Blockchain The Future of Protecting Your Wallet and Identity: Blockchain Identity and Digital Credentials, with Adam Gunther and Drummond Reed Messari’s Unqualified Opinions Unqualified Opinions is a podcast hosted by Messari’s CEO Ryan Selkis featuring candid, fast-paced interviews with crypto’s top builders and investors. Top Episodes: Bill Barhydt, CEO & Founder of Abra Anthony Pompliano, Founder at Morgan Creek Digital Unlock Protocol CEO Julien Genestoux
Crypto Exchanges Delist Assets Globally; What Is The Reason?
Exchange Platforms Are Battling The Lack Of Liquidity And Regulatory Control The bearish market that engulfed the crypto world during 2018 and Q1 of 2019 forced crypto investors to reconsider their approach of investing. The whole industry flourished during the ICO trend in 2017, but after the bears stepped in, investors` enthusiasm vanished. The bearish market was a catalyst for the bankruptcy of different platforms and coin issuers with less competitiveness over others. Those projects proved to be less sustainable in the long run, and they were expected to fail sooner or later. This was perceived by crypto exchanges by a sign of having to “purge” some of the projects and have them removed from their platforms. IDEX for example, delisted 27 tokens on 14th June 2018 as part of their “clean-up” process. The delisting also reached the top-ten cryptocurrencies. The controversial Bitcoin SV project is a one of the most prominent examples. The self-proclaimed creator of Bitcoin, Craig Wright, lost several lawsuits against high-profile industry players within a period of several months. The list includes Ethereum’s creator Vitalik Buterin, crypto podcaster Peter McCormack, and the man behind the crypto-related Twitter account @HodlNaut. Wright, who claims to be Satoshi Nakamoto, also got involved in the Bitcoin Cash hard fork. There was a major dispute between Bitcoin ABC group and Wright in terms of computing power. Both parties tried to incorporate software updates to the Bitcoin Cash Protocol, resulting in Wright`s code creating a brand new currency – the Bitcoin SV. Despite the initial hype around the new coin, the lawsuits were the main reason for two of the biggest crypto exchanges Binance and Kraken to delist the currency. Binance’s CEO Changpeng Zhao even tweeted about the delisting, stating that he has had “Enough of this sh*t! Craig Wright is not Satoshi Nakamoto”. Kraken made a poll among its user base only to realize that users call Bitcoin SV “toxic.” Regulatory pressures also tightened the rope around non-sustainable crypto projects. Crypto exchanges tended and continue to stick to regulatory requirements, thus – dropping assets from their platforms. In the United States, regulatory pressure made Poloniex to axe nine trading pairs due to concerns about assets being recognized as securities. Bittrex blocked access for U.S.-based customers for 21 assets. “Some markets will be unreachable for clients in the United States,” Bittrex stated. South Korea, known for its crypto-friendly regulations, also took the route of compliance with regulating bodies` policies. Privacy-oriented crypto projects like Monero (XMR) were dropped from OKEx’s listing after FATF posting new guidelines for customer identity and crypto transactions. OKEx also ditched support for Dash, Super Bitcoin, Zcash, and Horizen. Lack of liquidity is also a problem for exchanges. Binance, for example, announced on 30th September that the company is delisting thirty trading pairs. Six of the crypto projects were released on Binance’s own Launchpad platform. Poloniex also got rid of 23 crypto projects due to a lack of liquidity. Crypto projects rely solely on listing through various exchanges to get cash flow and liquidity. After a coin is being delisted, the currency usually suffers a hit in price due to lowered trading volumes. Bitcoin SV advocate Jimmy Nguyen admitted that the axing was “a dramatic time for the currency, but nowadays the currency trades at a higher price than it was before the major delisting.” Nguyen added that the price increase is due to Bitcoin SV’s added value, which was gained organically.
On the new batch of comments to the SEC about the SolidX ETF, some honorable mentions, and some negative comments
The SEC just posted a new batch of 286 comments on the SolidX ETF, bringing the total to 1147. I am skimming through them and posted some of the best already to this sub. The vast majority are short comments, obviously submitted in response to some mail-in campaign. The names sound very much like the invented ones of spam emails that I have been receiving for years. A telling detail is the lack of a middle initial. They also mostly repeat the same arguments, and many are obviously written by people who don't understand what is the ETF, only that if that SEC thing approves it then the bitcoin price will go to the moon. I have just seen a dozen that start with the same phrase "I hearby[sic] state my acceptance and full support..." Some are so sloppy that they submit with one name but sign with a different name. Here are some honorable mentions:
Secured by math: "Please allow Bitcoin ETF as Bitcoin is an implementation of the perfect math and therefore based on the truth. Math has brought prosperity for mankind"
The New Age approach: [In Spanish] "Cordial salute. The new age of aquarius, which is the age of conscience and light, brings with it bread under the arm, in the second world war when the enigma code was deciphered to end the devastating war, we were at the door of the new age, and cryptography was making its first redeeming steps. Why resist what is good and favorable, when thanks to cryptography the second world war ended, and now it gives us again the hand, to an anti-corrupted technology, which wants to end a war disguised as crime, drug traffic, and political corruption, war that is carried out in silence and keeps obstaclizing the good development of mankind. Blockchain the technology of the new age of aquarius. Approved."
Johnny I: "an asset as it sits on the highly volatile market where distribution of coins are unevenly formed by small number of holders across the world (1% of addresses own 80-90% mined coins) who could manipulate prices effortlessly over the fake news. Also, sky-rocketing mining cost and inevitable hike of transfer fee (soon it will be only source of revenue for miners) will cast doubt to sustainability for a public investment tool. Bitcoin ETF would only serve as investing fads."
Mark Szyszkowski, CCRCP.org: "[...] Where is the intrinsic value derived from? What is the backing of Bitcoin? What is the definition of purely cyber infrastructure? Who runs it? How is expansion allocated and its technology upgraded? What inherent technological security risks does it have? [...]"
D. B.: "The Proposed Rule Change does not appear to detail the policy and procedure in event of a bitcoin blockchain fork. "
William Morrison: "The abundance of comments submitted on subject of this ETF speaks clearly: there is a mass of unsophisticated retail investors---most with no previous investing experience---looking to get rich quick or make back losses from the Bitcoin market plunge over the last half year. And of course the many savvy retail and institutional investors more than happy to take advantage of them. [...] For all the comments urging the importance of the United States being at forefront of blockchain or distributed ledger technology and innovation by allowing a Bitcoin ETF, few if any are able to explain why it is hinged on expansion on the wholly speculative nature of this asset class. [...] it is telling that the mention-able examples of companies succeeding in this sector are mining equipment manufacturers (https://www.cnbc.com/2018/02/23/secretive-chinese-bitcoin-mining-company-may-have-made-as-much-money-as-nvidia-last-year.html) and online cryptocurrency exchanges (https://www.businessinsider.com/binance-cryptocurrency-exchange-profit-prediction-2018-7). In other words, casinos are the biggest profit-makers in the market of gamblers."
Ken I Maher: "[...] There is improvement from 2 years ago when 96% of volume occurred unregulated in China but this leaves 86% of market activity still under no official established regulation against fraudulent trading activity or manipulation. US bitcoin exchanges still blindly and automatedly follow the dominant unregulated markets due to their own thinness of volume and liquidity. [...] More incredible is the emergence of USDT (Tether) a cryptocurrency token issued by a single exchange that claims to be 'pegged' to USD value and unprovenly to be backed by USD reserve. It now commands over 130% of global trading volume compared to all fiat pairs. [...]"
Kash Ranks: "In a world where making a daily living is hard enough, how can you in good conscience, allow a speculative/scam instrument like Bitcoin to exist let alone approve an ETF. Blockchain has its merits but Coins are nothing more than a digital scam which is robbing people of their hard earned money and enabling speculative fervor."
Ran Lagil: "[...] can one claim that the price action of the bitcoin spot market in the unregulated exchanges, which holds the vast majority of volume, as acknowledged by the SEC, doesn’t affect the XBT future market? Of course not. In any financial market where arbitrage is available, the price change in one source will affect the rest of the market. [...] Please find the bellow image which demonstrate the volume manipulation in the ETCBTC market in the world largest Crypto Exchange - Binance. [...]"
Peter Quinn: "Bitcoin is a pure speculation vehicle with no traditional value or commercial/industrial use. It has no fundamentals, is exceptionally volatile and is easily manipulated due to poor market liquidity and no market regulation. A CBOE listed ETF that is proposing to be a passive Bitcoin holding vehicle is nothing more than trying to get a broader pool of investors involved in something that would never be allowed for listing on a regulated stock exchange if it was a company. [...] Additionally, much of the purported size of Bitcoin is an illusion, with "market cap" as reported on private websites such as Coinmarketcap.com taking all coins ever in existence multiplied by an average of the last traded price in dollars. Volume is commonly reported as all Bitcoins traded in dollar value even if, as is the case, most of them did not trade against hard currency at all, instead trading against other cryptocurrencies or Tether, a purported 1:1: USD backed cryptocurrency that has been used to artificially pump the price and is more comparable to counterfeit money. [...]"
Sam Ahn: "I am opposed to the whole idea of bitcoin, because bitcoin does not have intrinsic value and SEC was created to prevent sale of pieces of the blue sky. [...] Bitcoin is a commodity money, which cannot be a store of value without having its own value established before becoming money. "
You may remember my post a few weeks back: Yes, You Should Buy Some BNB. At that time, BNB had just started holding above 0.0019-20 BTC, a level it failed to hold three times. The timing was not the primary reason for investing, but it made the decision urgent. The price subsequently rose to roughly 0.0026 BTC and now appears to be settling into a floor around 0.0020-21. They say resistance becomes support, ceilings become floors. Historically for BNB, the downtrend normally ends before hitting the former ceilings. If there was ever a time to of all in, I think now is it… so I did. Figured this would be a good time to dive a bit deeper on why I’m so ultra bullish on BNB. Charisma - Binance feels deeply charismatic to me. It’s a word I didn’t think of in investing until this Peter Thiel interview. Binance strikes me as especially charismatic. Investors largely love Binance as a product and as a company. A lot of this charisma comes from the trust people have in Binance. CZ recently spoke about how Binance now has a “2-hour rule” which is where they update the community every two hours. You may not have known about this exact rule, but you probably have felt it and you certainly have read CZ now-famous “funds are safe.” This expression is so pervasive that you see people racing to comment with it. Bizonaci made this masterpiece which introduced the spelling “safu,” or as CZ recently said Binance is the “safust.” I mean shit, look how calm things were with BNB after after an unexpected SYStem wide freeze. The market stayed calm and BNB is the largest exchange… Let me repeat, Binance—the world’s largest exchange of trustless assets—had to emergency halt trading and the entire market is NBD… The morning after, Jackson Palmer tweeted this sentiment summary, Sherman Lee posted this beautiful piece in Forbes, and Binance announced S.A.F.U. as an official part of their commitment to protect investors. Antifragile - Antifragile is a concept Nassim Taleb coined to describe things that get stronger with stress. Binance seems to strengthen with bad news. When China last banned exchanges, Binance up and moved to Malta and the price soared. Now Binance is in three countries/jurisdictions and probably entering more. These emerging crypto hubs are competing for epic tax revenues, especially relative to their size. If the EU were to push Malta for more regulation, I wouldn’t be surprised to see Malta leave the EU. After all, is Malta better off with Binance, EOS, et al or with the EU? The latter may still be true but it’s increasingly less clear cut. This puts it in a position of incredible strength when it comes to negotiation, staying automomous, and gaining the government cooperation to build financial bridges across the world. In short, I see Binance as having a real shot as delivering on it’s mission of financial freedom. Exchange the world. Adoption - BNB is rapidly gaining adoption. In the past few months, we’ve seen small exchanges list BNB. In the last week, this pace has increased dramatically as Bitmex and Metamask have joined the BNB party. YouTubers and the Twitter sphere seem to be talking about BNB more frequently. The $1B impact fund is to be denominated in BNB and a team member noted in the recent Binance Labs AMA that partners will be able to accept payments in BNB. New coins have already been paying Binance humungo checks to gain access to Binance’s user base; if Binance pulls of Binance Chain DEX (powered by BNB), they’re going to compete at the ERC20 level for the ICO market, at least to some extent. It’s still unclear what Binance Chain will look like, but the support volume is definitely more compelling than other DEXes would be launching with. ICOs numbers are holding strong and Binance continues to be the most attractive place to list. Moreover, with the recent investment ChiliZ, founded by Alexander Dreyfus (founder of e-gaming companies), Binance has demonstrated an interest in the broader speculation market, which basically is crypto right now… and Binance hasn’t even introduced options/futures… Team - The Binance team seems truly world class to me. A good chunk of my last post was about the team (and CZ’s fly-af shorts), but one thing I did not say last time was the value of CZ’s cult-leadership. Don’t get me wrong, I consider this a double edged sword much like ETH and nearly every coin but BTC has. But on the positive edge, this gives Binance an incredible edge when it comes to execution, recruiting, and a ultimately achieving their vision. You can feel the team support for CZ; you can see it in this video and in Binance’s recent staff re-tweet. I also think not enough of my last post was about the community manager(s) who I feel are killing it compared to other subreddit mods. Market - IMO the market will mostly bounce around/move sideways for some time and Binance will make money either way. There may be big moves up but I expect them to be met with significant resistance. Technical analysis is a major driver of price action in crypto specifically because most coins/token have no underlying value (i.e. it is largely emotional responses). As such, alts will continue to have trading value even if they lose a lot of expectation-based value. After all, look how many alts recently went up 20-30%. Get rich quick sentiment has not dried up nearly to the degree some people say. Maybe I’m following the wrong people, but I haven’t seen anyone talk about Bitcoin being “dead”—only people talking about people talking about it being dead. Do you really think Tron and IOTA will die any day now? No, you don’t. The FOMO and FUD are real and the firepowereserve capital many alts have is massive. If a mostly sideways market plays out, then profit chasing will increasingly turn to algo trading, which Binance is well positioned for. In a recent interview, CZ mentioned Binance is planning to expand it’s capacity by 100-1,000x to prepare for a massive increase in usage, and he said it before the algo traders temporarily broke Binance’s API… Okay, but let’s say it’s not like this, let’s say there’s a major breakdown in alts much sooner (maybe everyone realizes Lightning makes a XRP useless). In this case, I expect Convert-to-BNB to do quite well given how many alts are on Binance (especially those who paid to show up because they were so shitty they couldn’t get the crowd to vote for them). Moreover, if you’re losing your life savings and BNB continues to grow, many investors are going to try to an dig themselves out of a hole by selling for BNB. Either way, BNB probably has a bright future. Q3 - Right now, BNB is performing poorly because of the sell the news paradigm crypto seems to operate under. But at about this time last quarter BNB was at peak BTC and ETH value. Compared to last quarter, we’re two weeks ahead, which would make this bottom somewhere between yesterday and next weekend. The growth during the last quarter was also sharper than this quarter, suggesting less to fall, and I suspect the hype train is going to be larger this cycle as rumors of the DEX become more imminent. There’s also extra worry this quarter because the market assumes Binance’s profit will be lower and the second year discount will be lowered (50% BNB discount —> 25% off with BNB discount). I sense that these fears are already priced in. For starters, Binance hasn’t shot up directly after the great quarterly news; why would it shoot down on bad news, especially if it is expected? Regarding the discount, 25% is still better than 0% off, so people should keep using it (especially if the BNB they’re holding is appreciating), and for the next year, Binance should be making 50% more profit (before they made 0.05%, now they will make 0.075% profit). I believe the sentiment on this concern is oversold when the math appears way better to me. Concerns - With all this in mind, I do still have a few concerns. For instance, what do Binance founders/team plan to do with their 100M coins as the BNB supply approaches 100M supply? Will they sell a-la Charlie Lee or will their sell-off be more pre-meditated a la Ripple’s 55mo escrow release? In theory as the price of BNB rises, it will take longer for the supply to get to 100M so this question could be a ways off, but I still would prefer clarity over this (even if it relies on trust). There’s some sentiment concern that the 1/5 vesting coming up will cause a large sell off. I assume inside folk see world-dominating growth ahead given the recent all-star Binance Labs hires, but still would be nice to understand this risk better. Finally, perhaps my largest concern is will Binance have an EOS moment with the freezing functionality laid out in the DEX competition requirements? I can certainly envision a decentralized use and Binance has demonstrated doing the right thing when they take emergency action, but I want to share the concern nevertheless. Deflationary - One concern I do not have with with BNB but recognize others do is about the utility of BNB after the discount goes to 0. Binance says BNB will be used as gas in the eventual Binance Chain DEX. This gives it utility, and unlike other blockchains, Binance already has usage demand. So, if you think any altcoin has value, then BNB—at the DEX stage and without a discount—has value. Beyond dominating trading utility (a huge industry use case), BNB has a decent store of value argument (the other huge industry use case). Unlike most coins/token have unreleased supply for inflation, fees, etc., BNB supply is already fully diluted. While BTC expands its supply for some time to come, BNB will be lowering its supply through the burn. Sure, people lose BTC which is a deflationary force, but I suspect this will become less common as wallet tech improves and the industry matures. To be clear, I don’t think BNB and BTC are otherwise comparable and I don’t think BNB (or any coin/token) will replace BTC. But, BTC has demonstrated that investors want stores of value, so whether your thesis is high usage will appreciate or store of value will appreciate, BNB checks both boxes.
The Reason Behind the Shocking Price Difference Across Crypto Exchanges
If you have ever traded on more than one cryptocurrency exchange, you would notice that prices are not usually the same. It is easy to think that the difference in prices is due to the quick movement of cryptocurrencies. Looking at multiple exchanges simultaneously clears every doubt, because prices usually differ. This leads us to the question; What is the reason behind the shocking price difference across crypto exchanges? At the time of writing, the Bitcoin prices across some major exchanges are listed below:
For anyone who is new to the cryptocurrency market, this would definitely appear strange. Since Bitcoin is a universal currency and is maintained on one particular network, then what is the reason behind the shocking price difference across crypto exchanges? This difference in price is not particular to Bitcoin. As a matter of interest, it is even more pronounced when dealing with altcoins. Take Dash as an example; the variation in the price of Dash across the same exchanges as above are shown below:
Sometimes this could be confusing for cryptocurrency users when it comes to making transactions. Consider a scenario where two parties have agreed on a deal, and one of them decides to settle the payment in the cryptocurrency of a particular exchange. If the other party obtains price information from a different crypto exchange, then there will likely be a dispute in the final value of the deal. In order to explain the reason behind the shocking price difference across crypto exchanges, a few factors must be considered. Liquidity Liquidity is a key issue for exchanges. In order to breakeven and maintain both administrative and infrastructural responsibilities, an exchange needs to be reasonably active. Traders are attracted to exchanges where they can receive prompt and efficient services. It is usually frustrating when you have orders delayed because of lack of liquidity. Therefore, the level of supply and demand of a given token on an exchange plays a key role to what becomes the bid and ask price. The difference between the bid and ask pride is the spread. Hence, the higher the liquidity, the lower the spread and by implication, the lower the price. Decentralization Bitcoin has one single network, as do individual altcoins. However, there is no centralized or regulated pricing system. The price of crypto is purely based on trading and the economic factors of demand and supply. So, for exchanges, these factors may vary from time to time, although the variation naturally falls within some given ranges. That is why you often hear traders talk about the average price of a given cryptocurrency. Cost of Transaction There are many exchanges today in the cryptocurrency industry, and participants are involved in inter-exchange transactions. These trades come with their fees, and sometimes these fees can be huge, depending on the amount and level of activity involved. Situations like this impose financial burden on the exchanges, which must be balanced out one way or the other. The most ideal way available for now is to diffuse these costs into the pricing of the product, in this case, Bitcoin or altcoins. A Universal Solution for Traders Price variation across cryptocurrency exchanges is a burden for traders who seek to make the most of their Bitcoins and altcoins. It is common to find traders jumping from one exchange to the other in search of best prices. Sometimes they end up “robbing Peter to pay Paul” in the sense that while going through multiple exchanges, what is saved in price is lost in fees. Platforms like tap have come to save the day by bringing multiple exchanges to one place and making it easier and more cost effective to trade Bitcoin and altcoins. When using the tap app for trading, an in-built algorithm scans through major exchanges within seconds to find the best price for the particular pair. This is a source of enormous value and satisfaction for traders today. Profit is maximized, trades are efficient and the reason behind the shocking price difference across crypto exchanges is neutralized. https://www.tap.global/the-reason-behind-the-shocking-price-difference-across-crypto-exchanges
Slack name: bamber Q1.1: In a retail clothing shop customers often pick up items and return them to the wrong rails. When a member of staff then resets these items the system would log them, skewing the grab rate data. What have WaltonChain done to solve this issue? Answer: Waltonchain’s solution with its unique RFID-based hardware tracks not only clothes but customer picks. Data from different readers (shelves, fitting rooms, price scanners, checkout counters, etc) is aligned and verifies each other. The sequence of RFID reads are time-aligned for interpretation of user behaviors and interests.
Q1.2: Do the RFID clothes rail scanners work on circular rails which are popular in clothing shops? Answer: Technically, yes. Practically, we are further testing and improving performance for the most popular environments and scenarios in the clothing industry.
Q1.3: Items of clothing which are neatly folded and displayed in piles (e.g. jeans) present challenges in terms of placement of RFID scanners. How does the Waltonchain system overcome this? Answer: Okay, we see where this question is coming from: You are asking this because you have not realized the fundamental difference of the RFID tags we use vs. some of the NFC tags you’ve seen out there. This is a good question. Let me elaborate a little, and take this opportunity to give a basic RFID 101. For basics, you should just remember that RFID is the process by which items are uniquely identified using radio waves. RFID tags/chips are the hardware chips that in everyday use people usually refer to as “RFID.” This is fine in daily speech. On a very high level, to make it simple, there are two types of RFID chips we see in the Blockchain world:
Ultra High Frequency (UHF) RFID tags, which operate in 856 MHz to 960 MHz frequency ranges; and
High Frequency (HF) Near-Field Communication or NFC tags, which operate in 13.56 MHz frequency ranges (these tags can be read by your phone. Recently iPhones have implemented this capability.)
Both of these chips are categorized as RFID tags, under the RFID family. The difference in these tags are tldr, but the takeaway for our case is this: Our Waltonchain-compatible UHF RFID chips are readable 9 feet away, in a batch, all at once. NFC chips are usually used in peer-to-peer, i.e., using your phone to scan an NFC chip in very close proximity (a couple of inches or closer). If you watched our demo video made by Boxmining on Youtube, you will notice that we use UHF RFID (Ultra High Frequency) technology. Finally, to answer your question, with UHF RFID system and the Walton RFID reader, we will be able to read with 100% accuracy the tags within a pile of clothes, neatly folded or not.
Q1.4: In a clothing shop can staff manually amend the blockchain data? (if activities in the store results in skewed data - e.g., a large number of items being mistakenly moved resulting in artificial grab rate data etc. can anything be done by the staff to correct this? Answer: Nobody can tamper with data on blockchain. Our specially designed RFID end devices collect data and record on the chain automatically and reliably. At the same time, data analytics can be used to interpret employee behavior as well.
Dominique @DomFromParis Nov 18 Q2: Can you confirm it will be 5000 Walton for a masternode and what % will be paid to the holders? Answer: Yes, holding 5000 WTC qualifies a node to be a Masternode, which will earn extra rewards for every mined block. The percentage and/or reward system will be announced with other details. Please follow our official announcements.
Sam Lyons @SamTaweets Nov 18 Q3: AskWTC If possible can you please tell us if you have any partners already secured for the RFID when you go live on-chain? Answer: As you will have seen from our blog posts and various news articles we have several close partners and have signed strategic cooperation agreements with a number of organisations. We released news of one just last week. Many of these companies have already been using our RFID technology and all have projects planned for RFID + Waltonchain integration. In terms of ongoing discussions, we will not release specific information about them until they are 100% confirmed.
Dominique @DomFromParis Nov 18 Q4: Why Walton does not have a GitHub? Answer: We will have a GitHub. We will provide the GitHub for our full node, light node, wallet, etc. We want everything to be thoroughly tested before public access. Also, our software rollout has to be aligned with hardware R&D.
Peter Peterson @Hamster10Peter Nov 18 Q5: Binance is a good exchange but is it manipulated by trading bots to keep the price unnaturally low. When will WTC be listed on Bittrex or Bithumb? We really need one of the biggest exchanges so our beloved coin can grow naturally. Answer: We have been discussing cooperation with many well-known trading platforms. Please pay attention to our official announcements.
Sam Taylor @chunkylover199 Q6:What is to stop someone simply removing a tag and leaving the tag on an adjacent item of clothing on the rack in order to steal a piece of clothing? Answer: We are developing many different ways to integrate the RFID tags into products. We will make it difficult to remove a tag without damaging it, or the host. In the case of clothing, tags do not have to be attached. They can be printed, woven or sewn into the article itself.
Derek Chow @maseradee Nov 18 Q7: Are there any mechanisms in place to stop someone cutting off the RFID tag from a clothing article and walking out? Answer: It is difficult to develop a perfect theft deterrent system. The methods currently used by shops can deter a portion of the thefts. Additional developments like sewn-in tags will increase deterrence. Also, our RFID tags are not always able to be cut. Wait and see.
Rational Riddler Q8: Will businesses using Waltonchain need to run masternodes or will the unique Waltonchain hardware provide all the mining a business needs? How many readers/scanners will your clients need per store to properly implement the system? #askWTC $WTC Answer: We aim to provide a fully automated solution with complete software and fully-capable hardware. In doing so, businesses that adopt the Waltonchain system can focus solely on their day-to-day requirements without concerning themselves with those aspects covered by the Waltonchain system. Our entire ecosystem scales up with businesses as child chains are created. We want to make it as easy as possible for our partners’ businesses to fulfill their growth potential.
wtcrfid @wtcrfid Nov 18 Q9: AskWTC What hardware will I need to run my 5,000 WTC masternode? Will a RasberryPi type system suffice? Answer: While a RasberryPi could be capable of running a node, It would not be ideal. Please wait for our news on the mining hardware needs.
Sergey @CryptovalleyOF 20 hours ago Q10: Most of the community is concerned about the relation between the price of a token and the blockchain system, what will a WTC token will be equal to? 1WTC= 1000 Transactions? 1WTC=18,000,000,000,000,000 transactions? I would love to hear your response. Answer: The transaction exchange rate is established by the marketplace, not by Walton.
Syed M Mujahid @smmujahid Q11: Walton Chain system essentially include RFID tags, Scanners and blockchain application that will be customizable according to business needs. According to you, tag might cost around 5 cents, what about each scanner and the application. Will it be viable for small businesses Answer: Our definition of an affordable system is twofold: 1) something that provides long-term additional benefits and 2) something that is worth its cost. The Waltonchain system has been tested in industry and has yielded positive results that our clients did not expect. One example is an increase in distribution efficiency of nearly 100%.
Lemuel Wong @2BitsCrypto Q12: Will it be possible to use Walton Chain RFID technology in Luxury handbags, such as Hermes for example, to verify it as an authentic item that is recorded in the blockchain? Or can RFID chips be copied/replicated? Last thing are your RFID chips EMP proof? Thank you Walton team! Answers: Yes, verification of authenticity is a very basic use case. Our RFID chips can not be copied or duplicated. EMP proof RFID chips are not an immediate concern, but are absolutely within the scope of our research and development.
Sergey @CryptovalleyOF Q13: One of the main concerns I have about the Waltonchain project is what will happen when the new wallet and blockchain becomes publicly available. I'm sure there will be lots of scams and fake websites claiming to be Waltonchain - what will you do to ensure that the changeover is as safe as possible? Answer: Security has and always will be among our highest of priorities. This is primary in our system design and deployment but also in ensuring the trust of our community. Official announcements will be made to assist in the transition from ERC20 tokens to official WTC coins.
Errrrr_pesillo @pablo_melo7 Nov 18 Q14: How do you plan to compete with an RFID solution on the IOTA network in future with no mining fees? (Assuming IOTA delivers on their promise) #askWTC #AskWTC Answer: Our RFID system includes a revolutionary RFID readewriter that not only communicates with tags but also performs the task of mining.
Rami Yousif @ramiyousif91 Nov 18 Q15: Is there any upgrade for your website? #AskWTC Answer: Yes, there will be an upgrade to our website moving forward. Please watch for our official news release.
matthew collins @mineu999 Nov 18 Q16: Why was there a QR code on the blockchain demo product and will it be there for the final production model? #AskWTC Answer: Through our network of pioneer users, we are constantly evaluating and refining the production model design. Many aspects may change and many may remain the same. This all depends on feedback from our case-study clients.
Collin @CollinsCustomIP Nov 18 Q17: Please address the wabiico competition & specifically describe how your patents protect your specific (hopefully novel) RFID technology. #askWTC #bitcoin #btc #usecase #blockchain #rfid Answer: The Waltonchain system starts at an integrated circuit level and will be incorporated directly in the manufacturing of electronic devices and products. At this stage, no human interaction occurs—thus the chain of authenticity begins. We can also integrate our RFID technology at higher levels in the manufacturing/supply chain, such as in packaging, as other competitors might. Our patents and IC RFID designs incorporate technology not seen in the RFID space before.
Tristan Maunder @WTCTricky Nov 18 Q18: #AskWTC For masternode holders... Are we going to be able to store our WTC on a hardware type wallet for security? "cold staking" Answer: At this stage we cannot say with 100% certainty that “cold staking” will be implemented. We hope to work with vendors like Ledger and Trezor to implement “cold staking.”
Binance is a cryptocurrency exchange with CEO Mr. Changpeng Zhao, who previously founded the Fusion Systems in 2005, in Shanghai. In 2013, Changpeng Zhao joined Blockchain.info to be the third member of the wallet team of the cryptocurrency. He has also worked at OKCoin as a CTO for about a year. OKCoin is a cash trading platform between digital assets and fiat and. The company, Binance was founded in China, but after its servers and the head office were moved out of China and Japan before the Chinese government banned the cryptocurrency trade in Sept. 2017. The company had established some offices in Taiwan by March 2018. In January 2018, Binance was the largest encrypted exchange platform with a great market capitalization of the NBB worth $ 1.3 billion. In August 2018, Binance and three other major exchanges raised $ 32 million for a certain stable coin project. This idea of stable coins is really to provide cryptocurrency with the absence of the notorious volatility of well-known digital assets or Bitcoin. How advantageous is it to use the Binance Trading Bot? Before using a product or service, you have to make you what they offer will tie with your personal desires and wants. That is why we are looking at the strong holds of the Binance Trading Bot. " Strong Team: Led by Changpeng Zhao, The Binance Trading Bot team have experience in both wall-street and crypto finance. The team also have a reputation or track record of successful startups under the company's belt. " Proven Products: The underlying Binance platform has been deployed on 30+ exchanges already. The platform supports all devices and has multiple languages, which offers an amazing user experience. " Superior Technology: As seen in the preceding paragraphs, the matching engine (certified) of the platform is capable of processing 1,400,000 orders per second, making Binance one of the fastest exchange in the market today. " Industry Resources: Binance has solid relationships with industry leaders. If you simply look at the list of investors and advisors who are willing to stand behind the platform, you will be amazed. Most of their partners have assets with Ethereum, Ethereum Classic, GoChain, POA Network, VeChain, Tron, Wanchain, Callisto, ICON, Bitcoin, Litecoin, Bitcoin Cash, TomoChain, etc. " In the Binance Academy, there is a course entitled "Crypto. Made Simple". Here you are offered the possibility to learn blockchain and cryptocurrency on your schedule and completely free. How to transfer Bitcoin to your Bittrex account from another platform? Here we will explain how to perform Bittrex trading, transferring bitcoins into your e-wallet and How to Buy Bitcoin on Bittrex. However, it is important to mention that this operation is only possible for crypto-currencies available on the Bittrex platform. " To begin, you will first need to create your account on the Bittrex website. Therefore, this part assumes that you have 1 at your disposal, and that it is provided in bitcoins on another platform of your choice. " Thereafter, you will need to connect to Bittrex, then go into your wallet, by clicking in particular on the menu Wallet. Then you will need to click on the "+" icon to the left of the bitcoin. This maneuver allows you to note the address of your electronic wallet. You will need to enter this address in the window that will appear on your screen, under Bittrex. After this transaction, the amount transferred should appear in the "pending" column of your wallet. This simply means that the transfer is not instantaneous. However, you do not have to worry because the site is reliable. " Before going there, you have to first of all buy Bitcoin/Ethereum. Make sure that you have already bought Bitcoin or ETH from your crypto exchange locality that accepts your currency. In the crypto world, Ether and Bitcoin are the biggest coins that are represented in local currency; Even buying the available 1,300+ altcoins requires the use of either BTC or ETH, and most often you cannot buy altcoins using your own local currency. A popular exchange might be Coinbase. Beginners easily use this, but it has relatively higher fees. On the other hand, you can look for Local Bitcoin- that is a peer-to-peer marketplace. Know more about Altcoin trading Bot. " Now, with the transfer now complete, you will be able to use your bitcoins to invest in the altcoins available on Bittrex. However, be careful to indicate the address that will be provided by the platform, without making mistakes. In addition, it is not possible for you to transfer a currency other than the one that corresponds to the address you created. For example, you will not be able to make an ETH deposit on your BTC wallet. Ethereum can handle many more transactions than Bitcoin, which significantly speeds up transfer and confirmation times. On average, you usually wait for some minutes for your Ethereum transfer to process, but the Bitcoin transfers usually take hours. Moreover, transfer fees might be much lower with ETH than with BTC. " Next step, you make a deposit of your base currency. You can presently deposit the BTC or ETH you purchased from your local switch into your new Bittrex account. You will now use the base currency to get the altcoins you want. Wondering how to deposit your coins on Bittrex? Please do follow these steps.
Log in and click on Wallet in the upper right corner of the website.
Find the wallet in which you will be depositing.
Click on the arrow beside the wallet.
Click on "new address" to generate your address.
Be sure to read the deposit instructions if available. Some coins require the sending of a minimum amount before being credited. Some coins will require a memo / message / tag /payment. This means that you must send the coins to the certain address provided and attach this memo / message / tag / payment to the deposit area so that the coins can be routed or directed to your account. If you fail to attach this, you risk losing these funds.
You can send your coins to the web address provided. Be sure to send only the same type of coins to the address. This means that if you have generated a BTC address, you drop BTC there and not another type of coin. If you deposit another type of coin, the address you generated may permanently lose these coins.
You will find more tips on How to Trade on Bittrex. " The fourth step in performing an exchange on Bittrex is to choose the market in yourbase currency. There are 3 markets in Bittrex:
These markets are represented by the common base currencies used to purchase a wide variety of available altcoins. If you have deposited the BTC as the base currency, go to the Bitcoin market and choose an altcoin of your choice to buy using Bitcoin. If you instead deposited ETH, choose the altcoins of your choice on the Ethereum market. Note that the same rules might apply with Cryptocurrency Trade Bot. " The fifth step is, you define Purchase Orders. Enter the details of your purchase orders in the "Buy" box under the trading section. It is not mandatory to buy exactly 1 unit of Cryptocurrency because they are very divisible. You can buy / sell all the amounts you want, depending on your budget. So you can even buy 0.000001 Bitcoin without worrying! Assume you are selling Aragon and being paid in Bitcoin. o Units: The amount / quantity of coins you're willing to buy. Here, the amount of Monero to buy is 2.50. o Bid: The price you want to pay on a Monero unit. In this example, the price you are willing to pay for 1 Monero is 0.42100972. o Type: This type consists of a called "limit" or "conditional" order. The "Limit" order defines the maximum price (as indicated in "Bid") that you are ready to buy. This ensures that you will not pay more than 0.42100972 ETH for 1 Monero. o Total: The overall amount of the base currency (the ETH) that you will give up in exchange for the total number of altcoins you wish to purchase. Otherwise, this is the total cost of getting Monero in your reference currency, ETH. " Last step: store all the coins in a wallet The safest way to store your coins is to have your personal wallet. Although you automatically have a wallet when you open an Exchange account (wallet hosted by Exchange), you will not have control over the private and public keys. Having control of your keys means having control over your coins. The exchanges work as a bank; you trust a third party service provider for the security of your coins. But, there is a probability that the exchange will close or be pirated, leading in a loss of coins (typical example: Mount Gox exchange). Given the lack of regulatory frameworks on stock exchanges and cryptocurrencies as a whole, as well as the early childhood of the sector, the best way to protect your coins is to have total control over your coins. You can only have total control by having your personal wallet. Additional information: Under the "Bid" price, there are 3 types of Offers: o Last: Last price at which the last exchange took place o Bid: The highest price that a buyer is willing to pay for the coin, which is considered the first order in the "Order Book" section under "Bid". o Ask: The lowest price a seller will want to sell, the first order in the "Order Book" section, under "Ask". If you had to create your own orders by entering the "Bid" amount, this will not apply to you. Strong affiliates of Bittrex With Bittrex, you will have the possibility to trade on one of the world's most active crypto exchanges. That is the Poloniex Trading Bot. The USD Coin is now trading on Poloniex. To throw more light on this, USDC is a fully supportive US dollar stablecoin. USDC is the bridge between trading on cryptocurrency exchanges and dollars. It is possible to get the USDC using dolla rs via the Circle web app and then transfer it into Poloniex. Plus, trading in ETH, BTC, and USDT pairs is now available, and new trading pairs will soon be added! But is it the best free crypto trading bot? There are a lot of trading ideas and platforms online, but the one thing to note is that, there are a lot of risks in online trading in general. The crypto market is unstable and highly volatile; sometimes prices or values go up and other times, they do down. This happens all the time, and it is a matter of hours. The prices alternate every day and night, and so as humans, it is difficult to keep up with all the fluctuations. That is why is necessary to have Automated Cryptocurrency Trading on Poloniex. Poloniex is a very large exchange platform which provides a solid, reliable and secure space to exchange cryptocurrencies. A Poloniex trading bot is a mechanism to automatically trade on the Poloniex cryptocurrency exchange. Digital currency trading that has been automated will save you both time and money. As Peter Cochrane once said, "The world is divided into two kinds of people, those who spend a great deal of time saving money, and those who spend a great deal of money saving time." Cryptocurrency exchanges on the Poloniex platform is a great deal for real-time results. The service is fashioned to automate trade on diverse cryptocurrency exchanges. It also has a user-friendly interface that will help create and configure trading bots. . Selecting a Bittrex Trading Bot There are some things to look for when a Bittrex trading bot. This is said because there might be imposters or unreliable systems who might pretend they offer Bittrex. So, here are the facts to look into to know the Best Bittrex Trading Bot. They are what makes the Bittrex platform unique. " A good Bittrex trading bot is supposed to have a custom-built good trading engine. This engine should be designed as one that can be scalable and ensures that orders given are executed in real-time. " We have spoken extensively on how Bittrex is more secured. But one thing not to leave out is the fact that it must have fast deposits and withdrawals. Here, we look at efficiency and how those working on the platform allow automated monitoring. This is generally to provide users with the fastest experience in transactions available nowadays. For this to be concrete, the platform does regular updates on trade, the balance and wallet information. " Driving Innovation. Bittrex is also committed to supporting users of both new and established blockchains. In a bit to help drive innovation in the unbeatable blockchain industry, the Bittrex system provides its users with a growing selection of digital tokens and blockchain technologies. Also, a rigorous review process is done to all new digital tokens that are listed on the Bittrex trading platform. " Bittrex is also committed to complying with all the current U.S. regulations that ensure the prevention, detection and remediation of unlawful behavior by some customers. The same commitment to compliance is force upon virtual currency developers when using the services of other companies or even the Bittrex trading platform. Characteristics of the Bittrex Trading Platform ¢ Intellectual approach: The platform uses a built-in strategy to configure actions of bots. Bots will decide themselves when they can buy or sell your coins. And when you compare the decision taken by the platform, you will see that you would have either taken the same decisions or even taken more likely to fail decisions. Also get to know more about Bittrex bot github. ¢ Works with no limits: Since we are talking here about artificial intelligence, the number of trade bots are limited only by the number of cryptocurrency pairs on the exchange. But there are flexible settings that allow you to plan the necessary actions you need. Plus, there is the ability to be connected by the API. Who should get into Trading Bots? " Trading bots can help people ensure that they are always interacting with the market, even in times when they are physically or emotionally unable to do so. That is the beauty of using this artificial intelligence, but be sure to use the Best Crypto Trader Bot, so as not to get into the hands of fraudsters. " They can also help remove some of the stress and emotions often found in financial markets, including the crypto market. Nonetheless, Trading bots are really not for everyone, and it is not everyone that needs them. Casual investors for instance are not the first target of trading bots and especially if your intention is just to buy and keep Bitcoins, then, trading bots are probably not the right investment for you. " Moreover, if you are not familiar with creating real financial strategies or a competent programmer, then trading bots may not be for you, or learn more about Best Automated Crypto Trading Bot. However, if you have some knowledge on the issue with some ability to overcome these above obstacles, a trading bot can be a valuable tool to monitor and gain traction in the Bitcoin market. As seen in this article, we have taken a tour to Trading Bot, Bittrex trading bot, Binance Trading Bot, we have taken a concrete example of having a transaction on Bittrex with BTC and ETH, and finally, how artificial intelligence could be more efficient than humans when it comes to trading online. Bittrex Bots
Changpeng Zhao of Binance tweeted that Peter Schiff, a vocal Bitcoin and crypto critic and a gold bug, talks more about the digital asset than the yellow metal. Funnily, he adds, most of Peter’s followers are Bitcoin and crypto followers, who, as expected, would lash back at the analyst whenever he discredits the crypto asset. Binance has been in the news a bit lately. For example, the world’s largest cryptocurrency exchange has hinted at launching a Bitcoin Options feature, according to a tweet from the platform’s ... Platon gibt an, insgesamt über 10.000 Fotos von Binance-Kunden samt Ausweis zu besitzen. Um die Veröffentlichung weiterer Fotos zu beenden, fordert er von der Bitcoin-Börse die Zahlung von 300 BTC – bei derzeitigem Bitcoin-Kurs entspricht das einer Summe von rund drei Millionen Euro. Binance could prevent this happening. But they didn't. Per the complaint, the hackers took advantage of Binance’s KYC policy, which allowed new users to trade up to 2 BTC without having to provide the exchange any meaningful identifying information. The complaint reads: The thieves broke the stolen bitcoin into thousands of separate transactions and accounts, all valued below the 2-bitcoin ... Buy Bitcoin At Binance + 20% Lifetime Discount On All Fees. Follow the Bitcoin price in dollar, euro and Pound sterling . In the above widget you can see the current Bitcoin price. By default, it is set to show you the period over the past 30 days (1M). The current Bitcoin value is shown in USD, EUR and GBP on top of the chart. You can also see how the BTC price has performed over the course ... The Euro Pacific Capital CEO Peter Schiff continues with his anti-Bitcoin campaign but CZ Binance says this is actually good for crypto, here’s the reason why Cover image via www.facebook.com After the prominent Bitcoin hater, Peter Schiff , finally provided the explanation why he was unable to access his Bitcoin wallet (containing just around $50 in BTC), tons of rebukes flooded on him from ... In the past two weeks, BNB’s price has gone from $21.47 to $28.20, which is an increase of 31.34% vs USD. Earlier today, Binance announced the “BNB Pioneer Burn Program”, which is “a new initiative that aims to help eligible users who lose tokens as part of mistakes they made while trying out the newly-launched Binance Smart Chain.” Price. Bitcoin Price; Ethereum Price; Litecoin Price; Binance Coin Price; Monero Price; MimbleWimbleCoin Price; How to; Trade Boasting a community of over eight million people, eToro is one of the leading global trading and investment platform – and it specialises in cryptocurrencies. Although there are more than 1,200 assets to trade on ... Commodity trading veteran Peter Brandt floats a possibility that Bitcoin, the top cryptocurrency by market capitalization, has already entered its fourth parabolic phase, so it might be a high time to board a rocket ship. At the time of writing, the BTC price is sitting slightly below the $9,800 level.
Binance CEO Makes Rare Price Prediction—Says This Is When ...
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